Le 19 avril 2011, le ministre de l’éducation(MEXT) japonais a décidé d’ouvrir les écoles dans la zone contaminée autour de FUKUSHIMA. Pour s’affranchir de la loi sur la radioprotection qui limite la dose supplémentaire de radioactivité à 1 mSv/an, il a remonté cette limite à 20 mSv/an et rendu tolérable un débit de dose de 6 µSv/heure pour les enfants quelque soient leur âge.
L’AMFPGN, en lien avec sa fédération internationale “IPPNW” (association internationale des médecins pour la prévention de la guerre nucléaire) fait campagne pour abolir cette très dangereuse décision, elle rappelle par ailleurs la sensibilité particulière des enfants à la contamination interne radioactive, en particulier à l’IODE 131. Nous souscrivons aux propos de TOSHISO KOSAKO, conseiller du gouvernement pour le nucléaire, démissionnaire: “Ces mesures sont sans rapport avec celles prises au niveau international et qui sont de bon sens; Elles ont été fixées uniquement pour servir les intérêts de l’administration”
Nous exigeons de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) une prise de position ferme vis-à-vis du Japon, en interdisant toute manipulation des normes fixées par les instances internationales, en santé publique. Nos vies valent mieux que leurs neutrons.
Voici ci-dessous le témoignage d’un membre de l’association Japonaise de l’IPPNW, qui rend compte de la situation et nous demande notre aide.
Le bureau national de l’AMFPGN
I have come back from Fukushima late last night. I spent five days there.
> I visited some towns and villages over there including some villages,
> where they have highly contamination even outside of 30 km zone. They
> have 6,000 residents before the earthquake and accident. Some of them
> have already evacuated voluntarily even before the government set of the
> “planned evacuation zone”. (You may already read the report on the
> measurement of radiation dose and radioactive materials in soil in the
> It is really urgent to let people, especially children, pregnant women
> and younger people (who may have children in the future), evacuate from
> such a highly contaminated area. I met the head of the village and some
> staff members of the village. I also met with some groups of residents.
> I told them the real situation of the contamination in their village and
> explained them that it is urgent to decide to evacuate. (Some residents
> do not want to evacuate as they have their own life in their beautiful
> homeland. However, they are starting to understand what is happening in
> their land.) I also listen to their stories individually and gave them
> concrete advices as a physician. It is really sensitive situation in
> many ways, politically, socially and psychologically, so I cannot write
> all the things at this moment here. You, who are living outside of
> Japan, might not understand our Japanese culture, though.
> I is really sad and terrible for me to see and hear that people,
> including babies (some dozens of babies, infants, their mothers and
> pregnant women have already evacuated under a official program of the
> village, but not all of the babies are evacuated) have been living in
> such an area where we can measure such radiation level (ex. indoor: 2-3
> micro Sv/h, outside: 5-8 micro Sv/h at 1m above the ground, more than 10
> micro Sv/h on the ground).
> Some NGOs and individuals from outside are now helping people in the
> village by supplying non-contaminated vegetable, fruits and such fresh
> food. They need to have non-contaminated food anyway before evacuation.
> The evacuation plan takes at least one month.
> As you may know that some “specialists” say openly in public that
> radiation (chronic) exposure below 100 mSv makes no serious health
> problem. They, together with the local authority, had lectures in many
> places in the prefecture. They want to avoid the panic situation of
> people. I understand their concern, though. However, such comments of
> them influenced people to take their situation easy. Some families who
> once evacuated outside of the highly contaminated area came back to the
> village after having lectures and information from such specialists.
> I am thinking to visit the area again early next month after the events
> of 25th anniversary of Chernobyl here in Osaka. I would like to help
> them as a physician to let them decide themselves what to do. I want to
> be with them, as far as I can, and work in cooperation with them. I
> really do not want to make people in panic. It is important to talk to
> the people and listen to the people directly and think with them what to
> do in such a critical situation.
> I would add that even outside of the excluded-village, the radiation
> situation is still serious.
> We can measure 1-3 micro Sv/h radiation rate all around in the center of
> the city of Fukushima, where 290,000 people are living. The problem is
> not limited at the schools. The “20 mSv” of radiation exposure (it is
> only from external exposure) is a serious problem for almost all of the
> residents in the contaminated cities and towns in Fukushima prefecture.
> Of course, “20 mSv” is the dose limit for nuclear workers in Japan in
> accordance to the Japanese radiation protection low. The radiation level
> above 0.6 micro Sv/h (1.3 mSv of radiation exposure) is the definition
> of the “radiation control area” according to the law. However, they are
> now applying the standards of “emergency version” for both workers and
> public following the recommendation of ICRP.
> As many people are already exposed to some extent, proper health
> following-up and compensation will be necessary in the future.
> We also have to think about the influence to the industry, agriculture
> dairy farming and fishing in the area. Many people are living on that.
> We really need to stop all the nuclear power plants in Japan (and
> everywhere in the world). I know that we cannot stop them immediately,
> though. We, as citizens groups, will visit the Kansai-electric company
> to request them to listen our voices on April 26. We have 10 nuclear
> power plants just 100 km from Osaka, the second biggest city in Japan.
> We know that there are active faults very close to the plants.
> I agree with the idea to make a kind of appeal from IPPNW on
> this occasion to support the exposed people in Japan. I think it
> important to make a critical comments on ICRP and Japanese government’s
> policy of radiation protection at the emergency situation. (Note that
> Japanese government is following the recommendation from ICRP and many
> physicians and specialists in Japan have been supporting ICRP. The
> special adviser for the Japanese cabinet at the emergency situation is a
> member of ICRP.)
> Sorry, but I do not have time to write more in detail now. (I have to
> prepare the meeting tomorrow.)
> The situation is moving here in Japan. I have to work on it, as a
> physician, in accordance to my conscience.
Thank you for all the support from our colleagues of IPPNW in the world.