Vote à l’ONU pour diminuer l’état d’alerte des armes nucléaires

Ci-dessous tous les détails sur ce vote qui a eu lieu le mercredi 27 octobre. Comme les précédents votes, la France, les US et la Grande Bretagne  ont voté contre, mais 11 pays ont modifié leur position en votant abstention au lieu de contre dont la Chine, la Pologne, la Bulgarie le Canada, le Slovénie…
(en Anglais) Le site “global zéro” est  aussi en Français

Sixty-fifth session First Committee Agenda item 99 General and complete disarmament : Decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems    

 Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Switzerland: draft resolution Decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems                            

The General Assembly,        

Recalling its resolution 62/36 of 5 December 2007 and 63/41 of 2 December 2008,        

Recalling also that the maintenance of nuclear weapons on high alert was a feature of cold war nuclear postures, and welcoming the increased confidence and transparency since the cessation of the cold war,        

Concerned that, notwithstanding the end of the cold war, several thousand nuclear weapons remain on high alert, ready to be launched within minutes,        

Noting the continuing engagement in multilateral disarmament forums in support of further reductions to the operational status of nuclear weapons systems,        

Recognizing that the maintenance of nuclear weapons systems at a high level of readiness increases the risk of the unintentional or accidental use of such weapons, which would have catastrophic consequences,        

Recognizing also that reductions in deployments and the lowering of operational status contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as to the process of nuclear disarmament, through the enhancement of confidence-building and transparency measures and a diminishing role for nuclear weapons in security policies, Welcoming the steps taken by some States to enhance the environment to support further reductions in nuclear weapons, including de-targeting initiatives and increasing the amount of preparation time required for deployment, and in this connection, welcoming the commitment made by the United States to maximise Presidential decision time and to consider other steps that may diminish further the possibility of nuclear launches resulting from accidents, unauthorized actions, or misperceptions,       

1.     Welcomes the adoption by consensus of the Eighth Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of “Conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions” including the commitments of the nuclear-weapon States to promptly engage with a view to, inter alia, consider the legitimate interest of non-nuclear-weapon States in further reducing the operational status of nuclear weapons systems in ways that promote international stability and security and looks forward to the nuclear-weapon States’ report in terms of that undertaking to the NPT Review Conference Preparatory Committee in 2014.     

 2.     Calls for further practical steps to be taken to decrease the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems, with a view to ensuring that all nuclear weapons are removed from high alert status;        

3.     Urges States to update the General Assembly on progress made in the implementation of the present resolution;        

4.     Decides to remain seized of the matter.

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